In vitro animal products, sometimes called “clean meat,” are made from stem cells harvested by biopsy from live animals, which are then grown in a laboratory within a few weeks. This lab-made meat, which is expected to reduce harmful greenhouse gases released into nature by 96%, is expected to eliminate many problems, especially global warming and hunger.
“Products like chicken nuggets, sausages, foie gras will be available at restaurants in the US and Asia before the end of 2018, " Josh Tetrick, Chief Executive of clean meat manufacturing company just, told CNN."our biggest problems are in communication and regulation, “he told The Guardian." said.
The first lab-grown meat made from Real Beef stem cells was produced in 2013. But because the price was $ 325,000, selling it in restaurants was not an entirely favorable option.
In the intervening years, the process has been greatly improved. A lab-developed meat now costs just $ 11.36, and 10,000 pounds of meat can be produced from a small piece of beef muscle.
Already, international investors and venture capitalists have begun their plans to invest in this newly emerging industry. Memphis Meats, based in Silicon Valley, is backed by Bill Gates, Richard Branson, Jack Welsch, the former CEO of General Electric, and run by the DFJ Venture Capitalists Group.
Cells taken from animals are exposed to oxygen, sugar and other nutrients in tanks called “bioreactors”. Uma Valeti, CEO and co-founder of the firm, explains::
"We will bring meat to the tables in a more sustainable, cheap and delicious way. The whole world loves to eat meat, and many cultures and traditions are based on meat. Demand for meat is also growing worldwide. What we want is for the world to eat what it likes to eat.”
Memphis Meats is not the only company that has rolled up its sleeves for this business. Companies such as Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods have also rolled up their sleeves to transform the meat industry. Impossible Foods, which is based in California, is aiming to change the global food sector with hamburgers, according to a report in Forbes. The firm currently produces plant-based burgers. But these burgers smell and look just like real burgers.Ethan Brown, founder and chief executive, says::
“We started with a very simple question: Why would an animal be needed to produce meat? Why can't we produce meat directly from plants?”
To make burgers, stem cells are taken from a cow using a quick and harmless process. These cells are then given nutrients and chemicals to stimulate their growth and proliferation. After a few weeks, the cells (which now number more than a million) are moved into smaller containers and developed there into small novices of muscle. These bars are made in layers together, colored and mixed with oil to make the last hamburger.
Assuming it is in the most ideal growing environment, stem cells can produce high amounts of meat. Theoretically, a single Turkey cell is enough to produce enough novelties to produce 20 trillion turkey nuggets.
At this point, the knowledge that the tissues we consume as animal meat are actually muscle tissue should not be forgotten Nov. Given the growing demand for food around the world, we can say that such a solution will relieve pressure on the industry and the food system and the environment.